Preschool Language Evaluation
Are you concerned that your preschooler is not being understood by others?
Does your child seem frustrated that he/she cannot communicate his/her wants and needs?
Are you concerned that your child’s communications skills are not as strong as his/her peers?
Has your child’s educator/daycare provider brought forth any concerns regarding your child’s speech?
It can be very frustrating for a child when they cannot be understood. It is not uncommon that most parents have no problem understanding their own child. However, this may not be the case for the other people with whom the child interacts.
At Achieve Therapy Centre, speech assessment for your preschooler can revolve around two domains: speech production difficulties and/or language difficulties. If therapy sessions are required, they can be scheduled at the time of the assessment session.
Speech Production Assessment (Articulation)
A child with speech production challenges has difficulties pronouncing speech sounds. A child may substitute a different sound for the intended sound making him/her hard to understand.
Ex. “Mommy, I want a foon!” instead of “Mommy, I want a spoon!”
Other children may delete certain sounds in English words
Ex. “Dada, I wan uh.” instead of “Dada, I want up.”
Through a speech production assessment at Achieve Therapy Centre, the clinician will determine if your child’s abilities are developmentally appropriate or if he/she may require speech therapy.
Length of Assessment Session: One hour
Number of Sessions: One
A language assessment determines if your preschooler is having difficulties acquiring age appropriate vocabulary, putting together words to express ideas, or understanding what is said to him/her.
Length of Assessment Session: One Hour
Number of Sessions: Two
At Achieve Therapy Centre, an assessment session would be scheduled within two weeks of time of contact and upon filing out a web-based intake questionnaire. A formal written report will be provided within two weeks of the end of the assessment, although findings and recommendations are discussed with the parent/caregiver at the assessment session(s). If therapy sessions are required, they can be scheduled at the time of the assessment session.
Language Development in Infants & Children
Children begin developing the tools for language development early in life. Many would say babies are “telling you stories” as they coo and babble during the first year of life. Language development becomes more sophisticated as our children grow older. At Achieve, our speech-language pathologists will start with these essential building blocks and work with your child to improve their overall language development through fun and innovative therapy sessions.
When Do Children Say Their First Words?
In the early states of language development, our brains are programmed to begin mimicking sounds. While babies like to make up sounds on their own early on, they later repeat the sounds they hear in their environment.
It’s around 12 months that you can expect a child to say their first words. Some of the most common words are “dada” or “mama”!
Speech Language Milestones
- At your baby’s first birthday, he baby has started saying “mama” and “dada” meaningfully and may have one to two other words. He can follow simple instructions in a known routine and can give you familiar objects. He is playing “Peek- a- boo” by covering and uncovering himself and pushing toy cars.
- By 18 months, your child should be able to say a minimum of 10 meaningful words and may have as many as 50 words. Their vocabulary includes different types of words, such as nouns (“baby”, “cookie”), verbs (“eat”, “go”), prepositions (“up”, “down”), adjectives (“hot”, “sleepy”), and social words (“hi”, “bye”). These words may not all sound perfect but you know what they mean when they request an item. Your little one can follow two instructions using the same object, for example “Please wipe your nose then throw the tissue away.” He is also able to identify at least six body parts. When playing, your child may enjoy passing you things as a game or rolling a ball to you.
- At the age of 2 years old, most children are really starting to communicate by putting two words together with purpose, for example, “No shoes!”, “More cookies!”. They are using new words regularly and refer to themselves by their name but are sometimes using pronouns such as “I” “me” and “you”. Furthermore, they are understanding new words rapidly. They show this by following more complicated instructions or by identifying more objects or concepts. Play time includes stacking and assembling toys and objects. Also by this age, they are able to put away the toys upon request!
- When your child is 3 years old, they are now able to talk well enough for strangers to understand them and they are stringing two to three sentences together when telling you stories, Additionally, they are able to respond to “who,” “what,” and “where” questions about objects and people who are not present. An example of this is “Where is your sister?,” or “What did you eat for lunch?”. By the age of 3 play often includes make-believe with dolls, animals and people. They are also able to work toys with buttons, levers, and moving parts.
- When your child is entering school, at the age of 4 years old, they are able to sing a song or say a poem from memory, such as “ Itsy Bitsy Spider” or “Wheels on the Bus”. They enjoy telling stories and telling people all about their first and last name and important information about themselves. They are able to understand the idea of “same” and “different”. They are showing a real interest in playing with other children over playing alone. The play they engage in often includes pretending to be “Mom” or “Dad” and can often be very creative.